Our society has obtained great successes with the scientific and technological advances of the last decades. Life expectancy has increased considerably.
The elderly group (people over 60) is the fastest growing group in almost all developed countries. Population ageing can be seen as an achievement, but it is also a major challenge for society.
Further progress is very important in order to maximize the health and functional capacity of older persons. We must encourage their social participation and work on their security in order to guarantee a good quality of life in retirement.
Recruitment agencies such as Cuideo were created to guarantee good care for the elderly and, in turn, to encourage active ageing among the elderly population. Our mission is to help families improve the quality of life of their elders.
However, being able to lead a healthy and happy old age also depends on everyone. We all want to reach retirement with health and time to enjoy, but very few of us take the necessary steps to be able to enjoy this last stage of life with quality. Adopting good lifestyle habits such as a proper diet or exercise to stay healthy, only depends on ourselves.
What is active aging?
Active ageing is a process that aims to increase the life expectancy of the population, but with quality.
As the population ages, its cognitive functions deteriorate and its body experiences new limitations; some people even isolate themselves from society. Active ageing seeks to improve the mental, physical, emotional and social state of older people.
It should be seen as a primary goal for individuals and society. We must improve the autonomy, health and productivity of the elderly and encourage them to maintain good daily habits, so that they live the years with the highest possible quality.
Active ageing: WHO definition
According to the WHO, active aging is:
“The process of optimizing opportunities for physical, social and mental well-being throughout life, with the aim of expanding healthy life expectancy, productivity and quality of life in old age.
This definition includes health care and the factors in social, economic and cultural areas that influence the ageing of people.
It is not about living longer; it is about living the years with quality.
Active Aging: Objectives
Active aging seeks to enable people to squeeze their full physical, mental and social potential to the maximum throughout their lives. This makes it possible for everyone to participate in society, each according to their individual needs, desires and possibilities.
The main objectives of active ageing are:
- To extend the healthy life expectancy and quality of life of all people.
- Enable older people to have more independence, autonomy, participation and dignity.
- To encourage the participation of older people in the economic, social, cultural and political spheres.
The importance of promoting active ageing
Society continues to link old age and the elderly with illness, dependency and lack of productivity. Active ageing aims to break with this expectation.
Ageing must be a positive experience. To do this, we must work on the physical, mental and emotional well-being of our elders in order to improve their quality of life to the maximum.
Active ageing has a clear relationship with personal well-being.
Being aware of the limitations and capacities of each elderly person, we must create new interests for them to promote their personal challenges, their autonomy, their social integration and the development of their physical and mental capacities, so that we can guarantee the maximum quality of life for our elderly.
Active Aging: Keys
It is true that society plays a fundamental role in active ageing but, as we have said before, healthy ageing only depends on ourselves.
Adopting healthy lifestyles is everyone’s job. This is important at all ages, but above all from the age of 50. If we adapt to certain habits, we will continue practicing them even if the years pass.
There are a number of daily factors that influence old age that we can only control ourselves. Home carers are the ideal professionals to help older people maintain active, healthy and happy ageing.
Staying active is essential to enjoy good health at any age. However, in old age it is extremely essential.
As we age, our physical metabolism changes, we become more dependent and new limitations appear, agility and coordination of movements is not the same as when we are younger.
Physical activity in old age can help the elderly to improve their health, well-being and quality of life. Exercises must be adapted to the abilities, health, age and tastes of each adult.
Exercising daily helps the elderly to improve their mobility, balance and coordination, so they can maintain their autonomy and independence for as long as possible, among other benefits.
The most recommended exercise for older people is aerobic exercise (walking, swimming, volleyball, dancing…) for at least 15-30 minutes a day. Resistance exercises are ideal for delaying aging.
Meditation and yoga are also highly recommended in older adults to prevent cognitive impairment caused by age and other diseases such as Alzheimer’s.
Home-based caregivers encourage older people to remain active and dynamic, always taking into account their personal abilities and limitations.
Healthy eating is essential for good health at any stage of life. However, when it comes to older people, eating a healthy diet rather than a recommendation is an obligation.
Healthy eating in old age involves increasing the consumption of certain foods and reducing the consumption of others. The diet should be adapted according to the time of year and the personal needs of each elderly person.
Home carers will prepare meals adapted to the ideal diet for each elderly person.
Contact with nature
Being in direct contact with nature is the best remedy for anyone’s health. In addition, nature evokes tranquility, calm and imagination.
The contact with nature increases our health and good humor, among many other benefits.
It helps all of us to sit down to think about a place full of flowers and fauna, it helps us to face better the taking of decisions and the resolution of problem. Those who live close to nature have a lower mortality rate, higher self-esteem, better mental health, higher levels of well-being.
Learn about the many benefits of nature for our health and well-being.
Good Sleep Habits
It is very common for older people to experience changes in their sleep cycle. This is not positive for their health and well-being.
In order to prevent sleep disorders, it is essential to establish a routine and adopt good sleep habits.
If your elders have sleep problems, home caregivers can be your guardian angel during the night. They will help you rest well and ensure your safety during vigils.